By Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra
From the reviews:
"This is a concise consultant to radiological definitions of lymph node teams for radiation remedy making plans. … the first viewers is radiation oncologists in any respect phases in their careers. citizens and scholars should still locate this a really important anatomical consultant. The authors are popular in radiation oncology and/or radiology. … this can be a important consultant for the lymph node anatomy of the key disorder website regions." (James G. Douglas, Doody’s assessment provider, July, 2009)
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Extra info for A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy
This advanced imaging technology allows the radiation oncologist to more accurately identify target volumes and their spatial relationship to adjacent critical normal organs. Besides the outline of the primary tumor and adjacent structures that may harbor microscopic extensions of tumor, it is critical to identify any enlarged metastatic lymph nodes and to recognize lymphatic draining regions that may be at risk for metastatic involvement (which 46 are electively treated with a lymph node dissection or with irradiation).
Hypogastric lymph nodes (internal iliac) •• Groups 8 and 9. Presacral lymph nodes While these studies played a key role for the understanding of the lymphatic pathways of ovarian tumors, this classification was not widely adopted. In 1992 a study was published on pelvic and para- aortic lymph node dissection in patients affected by gynecological tumors, in order to evaluate the number of nodes present in each lymph node group and review existing nomenclature . 7). We agree with Gregoire  in believing that the pelvic lymph node classification most suitable for radiotherapy planning is the one that associates lymph node groups with the distribution of the main arteries.
Anterolateral border of the trapezius m. a. Medial edges of Skin; platysma m. thyroid gland, skin and anteromedial edge of sternocleidomastoid m. Separation between trachea and esophaguse RP Base of skull Cranial edge of the body of hyoid bone Midline Medial edge of int. Fascia under carotid artery the pharyngeal mucosa Prevertebral m. (longus colli, longus capitis) Anterior Posterior Body of hyoid boneb Posterior edge of submandibular gland a Midline structure lying between the medial borders of the anterior bellies of the digastric muscles The insertion of the thyroid muscle is often interposed between level Ia and the body of the hyoid bone c For NPC, the reader is referred to the original description of the UICC/AJCC 1997 edition of the Ho’s triangle.
A Guide for Delineation of Lymph Nodal Clinical Target Volume in Radiation Therapy by Giampiero Ausili Cefaro, Carlos A. Perez, Domenico Genovesi, Annamaria Vinciguerra