By John Van Seters
The root for all learn of biblical legislation is the belief that the Covenant Code is the oldest felony code within the Hebrew Bible and that every one different legislation are revisions of that code. This booklet units forth the novel speculation that these legislation within the covenant code which are just like Deuteronomy and the Holiness Code are actually later than either one of those, and for that reason cannot be taken because the origin of Hebrew legislations.
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Extra resources for A Law Book for the Diaspora: Revision in the Study of the Covenant Code
The whole matter was carried a step further in a remarkably original dissertation in 1977 by G. A. 49 In his introduction, 20 A Law Book for the Diaspora Chamberlain lays out the problem of a comparison between the two codes as a formcritical one, in terms of both the smaller forms explored by Alt and his successors but also the larger covenant form so much in current discussion at that time. ”50 After an extensive review of the history of research, he summarizes his results, as follows: 1) The broad consensus in Old Testament studies until recently placed non-casuistic law in the framework of covenant proclamation .
So it is not “a code in the true sense of the word” and he prefers to place this term in quotes. ”96 In many instances, it does not deal with a true generality but only one or a few particular examples out of many possibilities, and at times a case cited in one part of the law contradicts one in another part of it. ”97 They are even referred to within the “code” itself as authoritative. There are also many examples of legal decisions from Hammurabi’s time that seem to depart substantially from the verdicts that are contained in the “code” and deviations from the regulations of prices and wages it sets forth.
In spite of the fact that Osumi recognizes literary parallels between the Covenant Code in Exod 20:22b, 21:1, 22:30a, and the Sinai pericope in Exod 19:3b–8, he states that a literary joining of the Covenant Code to the Sinai pericope probably came about only after the composition of the former was completed. The studies of F. 66 While Osumi’s study engages primarily in literary analysis, Crüsemann lays out general principles and assumptions that may be usefully reviewed here. He states at the outset of his discussion of the Covenant Code: Every study of the so-called Book of the Covenant in Ex 20:22–23:33 can and must begin with the following assertions, which are recognized today as indisputable facts: 1.
A Law Book for the Diaspora: Revision in the Study of the Covenant Code by John Van Seters